Solar System Encompassing much more than just the Earth, this field of science includes sciences such as Astronomy, Meteorology, Oceanography, and Geology telling us much about the world in which we live.

Astronomy: This branch of Earth Science is about the study of objects beyond the earth’s atmosphere. Astronomy is the study of the universe, galaxies, the sun and other stars, planets, asteroids, comets and meteors. Astronomists try to better understand what these other structures are made of, as well as how they formed and what there ultimate fate will be.

Meteorology: Meteorology is the branch of Earth Science that studies the air that surrounds our planet. Meteorologists study the processes that cause weather and how changes in those processes might affect the earth.

Oceanography: The area of Earth Science that is involved in the study of the Earth’s oceans, which cover nearly three-fourths of the planet. The study of Oceanography includes studying the creatures that inhabit salty water, measures of the different physical and chemical properties of the oceans as well as observations of the various processes in these water bodies.

Geology: This is the study of the materials that make up the Earth. Geology also includes studying the processes that form and change the materials in the earth. This includes the identification of rocks, study of glaciers and their movements, and determining how forces change our planet. As a geologist, you are expected to be able to interpret clues as to information about the Earth’s 4.6 billion year history.

Biology: The study of living organisms. This includes how they reproduce, their evolution, taxonomy, and how they interact with their environment. As a biologist you will study a wide range of living things. An example might be the vast array of life found in a tropical rainforest biome, which is one of the most diverse habitats on the planet.


Earth Science affects everyone on the planet. Earth sciences are used to predict weather patterns and storm, are used to determine issues of major concern about things like the ozone layer deterioration and our depleting water supply, and even help us to understand ways in which we can make products more eco friendly. Earth science teaches how to work in harmony with our environment and includes finding alternative sources of energy like wind, water and solar energy that we can use to benefit the world around us.

It is important to acknowledge the benefits of science in our everyday life, so that we can appreciate the knowledge we receive from the very important branch known as Earth Science.